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This module presents the next two of nine critical questions that must be asked during the caregiver interview. The first asks what the child is like compared to peers from his speech community. This is one of the fundamental differences between a traditional approach to evaluations and the new approach supported by research, federal, state and New York City policy and law. In a traditional approach, the child is compared to a normative group from a standardized test that is not representative of minority and diverse children. The traditional approach subjects the child to the biases of the mainstream, middle class American culture of the standardized tests and often from the examiner as well. The new approach seeks to compare the child to other children with similar backgrounds and experiences. That is why it is crucial for evaluators to know typical child language development for the communities where they work and to develop good clinical judgment. The second critical question asks whether the child’s performance during the evaluation is typical. Children may be shy, not feeling well, or confused when in an unfamiliar place with unfamiliar people. This is important information to know when diagnosing a child based on the behavior the evaluator sees on the day of the evaluation.

Please find related materials here:

Critical Questions for the Parent Interview Part 1

Critical Questions for the Parent Interview Part 2

The Critical Questions

Find the playlist for the full set of videos in this module series here:

Preschool Disability Evaluations Playlist

Find each of the modules from this playlist here:

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 01: Introduction to Preschool Evaluations

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 02: Problems with Traditional Assessment Procedures

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 03: New York City Policy Regarding Preschool Disability Evaluations

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 04: Issues with Test Scores

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 05: Introduction to Psychometric Data

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 06: Validity Part 1

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 07: Validity Part 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 08: Validity Part 3

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 09: Reliability

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 10: Standard Error of Measurement and Confidence Intervals

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 11: Introduction to Appropriate Assessment Procedures

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 12: Bias in Standardized Testing

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 13: Appropriate Assessment Procedures- Part 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 14: Appropriate Assessment Procedures- Part 3

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 15: The Goal of Appropriate Preschool Disability Evaluation

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 16: Normal Second Language Acquisition

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 17: Factors Influencing Bilingual Development

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 18: Why is the Parent Interview so Important?

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 19: Critical Questions 1-4

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 20: Critical Questions 5 & 6

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 21: Critical Questions 7-9

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 22: Holograms Part 1

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 23: Holograms Part 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 24: Andrea Language Analysis

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 25: Andrea Critical Questions

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 26: Shift in Clinical Practice

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 27: How do we Know a Disability Exists?

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 28: Dynamic Assessment: Cognitive Assessment

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 29: Dynamic Assessment: Non-Word Repetition Task Part 1

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 30: Dynamic Assessment: Non-word Repetition Task Part 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 31: Dynamic Assessment: Fast Mapping Introduction and Example 1

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 32: Dynamic Assessment: Fast Mapping Example 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 33: Dynamic Assessment: Fast Mapping Example 3

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 34: Language Sample: Subway Photo

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 35: Clinical Judgement/ Informed Clinical Opinion Part 1

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 36: Clinical Judgment/ Informed Clinical Opinion Part 2

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 37: Quantification without Standardized Tests

Preschool Disability Evaluations Module 38: Conclusion